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    Characterizing Sources of Indoor Air Pollution and Related Sink Effects

    Tichenor BA
    Published: 1996

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    STP 1287 features state of the art information from leading experts in the field on indoor air pollution sources and their potential interactions with indoor sinks. In addition to a comprehensive overview of source/sink characterization methods, there are 29 peer-reviewed papers. Researchers and practitioners in the public and private sector from the US, Canada and numerous European countries provide data in the following key areas:

    • The design, construction, characterization and operation of a wide variety of test chambers and facilities.

    • Experimental testing methods and protocols for determining emission factors, including VOCs, and evaluating sink adsorption/desorption rates.

    • Models for predicting source and sink behavior to best evaluate indoor occupant exposure to emissions.

    • How bioresponse testing, product labeling, risk assessment, simplified screening methods and product classifications based on exposure estimates can be instrumental in selecting indoor materials.

    This is an invaluable resource for indoor product manufacturers of furniture, carpets, caulks and adhesives, cleaning/maintenance supplies, paints and coatings; for Indoor Air Quality consultants and researchers; occupational health professionals; industrial hygienists; public health and environmental officials; as well as commercial building owners and operators, and HVAC consultants and engineers.

    Table of Contents


    Overview of Source/Sink Characterization Methods

    A Small Air Velocity-Controlled Test Chamber for Emission Studies

    A Large Dynamic Chamber for Characterizing Particulate and VOC Emissions

    Design and Operation of a Dynamic Test Chamber for Measurement of Biocontaminant Pollutant Emission and Control

    A Full-Scale Test Chamber for Material Emission Studies and Indoor Air Quality Modeling

    Novel Mini-Chamber Procedure for Screening Insulation for Emission of Formaldehyde and Other VOCs

    The Use of an Experimental Room for Monitoring of Airborne Concentrations of Microorganisms, Glass Fibers, and Total Particles

    Static Chamber Method for Evaluating the Ability of Indoor Materials to Support Microbial Growth

    Comparing the Field and Laboratory Emission Cell (FLEC) with Traditional Emissions Testing Chambers

    Design and Characterization of a Small Chamber for Chemical and Biological Evaluation of Sources of Indoor Air Contamination

    A Method for Determination of the Sink Effect of VOCs from Building Materials

    Particle Buildup Caused by Gas-to-Particle Conversion of Re-emitted Matter from Surfaces Exposed to Sidestream Tobacco Smoke

    Characterization of Linoleum: Identification of Oxidative Emission Processes

    Biopollutant Sampling and Analysis of Indoor Surface Dusts: Characterization of Potential Sources and Sinks

    The Use of Unique Study Design to Estimate Exposure of Adults and Children to Surface and Airborne Chemicals

    Study of Air Velocity and Turbulence Effects on Organic Compound Emissions From Building Materials/Furnishings Using a New Small Test Chamber

    Comparison of Two Small Chamber Test Methods used to Measure Formaldehyde and VOC Emission Rates from Particleboard and Medium Density Fiberboard

    Small Chamber Methods for Characterizing Formaldehyde Emission from Particleboard

    Considerations on Revisions of Emissions Testing Protocols

    Linear Systems, Compartmental Modeling, and Estimability Issues in IAQ Studies

    Accounting for Nonuniform Mixing and Human Exposure in Indoor Environments

    Development of Continuous-Application Source Terms and Analytical Solutions for One- and Two-Compartment Systems

    A Strategy for Characterizing Homogeneous, Diffusion-Controlled, Indoor Sources and Sinks

    Attempting to Characterize the Sink Effect in a Small Stainless Steel Test Chamber

    Status of EPA's Bioresponse-Based Testing Program

    Indoor Climate Labeling of Building Materials: The Experimental Approach for a Prototype

    Measurement of Human Eye Irritation Using a CO2 Reference Scale

    Source Testing And Data Analysis for Exposure and Risk Assessment of Indoor Pollutant Sources

    Screening and Selecting Building Materials and Products Based on their Emissions of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs)

    Priority Ranking and Characterization of Indoor Air Sources

    Committee: D22

    DOI: 10.1520/STP1287-EB

    ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5340-0

    ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-2030-3