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    Lead in Paint, Soil and Dust: Health Risks, Exposure Studies, Control Measures, Measurement Methods, and Quality Assurance

    Allen Iske SD, Beard ME
    Published: 1995

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    First publication of its kind to present current, wide-ranging data on the effects of exposure to lead from paint, soil and dust. Features the latest results of health effects studies, environmental assessments, control and intervention studies, analytical methods development, and evaluation and quality assurance program development.

    28 comprehensive peer-reviewed papers cover the following key areas:

    Health Risks -- one paper on childhood lead exposure; one on the experimental use of immature swine to track G-I lead absorption.

    Exposure Studies -- Eight papers explore the pathways and extent of exposure to lead, concentrating on lead-based paint in housing, lead in soil and dust samples, the relationship between blood-lead levels and lead in the environment,and the results of lead-paint abatement programs.

    Control Measures -- The full range of control measures necessary to reduce or eliminate lead exposure is discussed in three papers.

    Measurement Methods -- Seven papers evaluate diverse instrumental measurement techniques for determining lead levels.

    Quality Assurance -- The development of standardized materials and methods to insure reliable lead measurements is discussed in five papers.

    Laboratory and Field Measurement Accreditation -- The criteria and objectives for three different laboratory accreditation programs are explained.

    Table of Contents

    Design of Pharmacokinetic and Bioavailability Studies of Lead in an Immature Swine Model

    Estimating the Contribution of Lead-Based Paint to Soil Lead, Dust Lead, and Childhood Blood Lead

    HUD National Survey: Findings on the Lead Paint Hazard in Homes

    Comprehensive Abatement Performance Study: Part I — Study Design and Characterization of Soil-Lead and Dust-Lead Levels

    The Design of the HUD Lead-Based Paint Abatement Demonstration in Public Housing

    Imputing Lead Sources from Blood Lead Isotope Ratios

    Literature Review of Sources of Elevated Soil-Lead Concentrations

    Pathways of Lead Contamination for the Brigham and Women's Hospital Longitudinal Lead Study

    The Lead Paint Abatement and Repair & Maintenance Study in Baltimore

    A Summary of Studies Addressing the Efficacy of Lead Abatement

    An Evaluation of Airborne and Surface Lead Concentrations from Preliminary Cleaning of a Building Contaminated with Deteriorated Lead-Based Paint

    Comprehensive Abatement Performance Study, Part II: Comparison of Encapsulation/Enclosure and Removal Methods for Lead-Based Paint Abatement

    Lead-Based Paint as a Major Source of Childhood Lead Poisoning: A Review of the Evidence

    Performance Evaluations of Measurement Methods Used for Lead-Based Paint Contaminated Media: Current Status

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Environmental Response Team's Use of Field-Portable X-Ray Fluorescence Instruments for Analyzing Pb in Soils

    An Examination of an XRF Method Used for the Determination of Lead in Urban Soil and Dust Samples

    Sampling and Analysis of Lead in Dust and Soil for the Comprehensive Abatement Performance Study (CAPS)

    Investigation of Adhesive Lift Sampling Technology Used for the Evaluation of Lead in Surface Dust

    Scanning Electron Microscopy/X-Ray Fluorescence Characterization of Lead-Rich Post-Abatement Dust

    Analysis of Lead in Urban Soils by Computer Assisted SEM/EDX--Method Development and Early Results

    Comparability and Traceability of Chemical Measurements

    Components of a Quality Assurance Program for Analytical Laboratories

    Preparation and Evaluation of Lead-Contaminated Dust Method Evaluation Materials

    Development of NIST Standard Reference Materials for Lead in Blood, Paint, Household Dust, Soil, and Simulated Bone

    Quality Assurance Double-Blind Sample Applications in the Determination of Lead in Urban Dusts and Soils

    The National Lead Laboratory Accreditation Program

    The A2LA Laboratory Accreditation Process

    The American Industrial Hygiene Association Environmental Lead Laboratory Accreditation Program (ELLAP)

    Author Index

    Subject Index

    Committee: E06

    DOI: 10.1520/STP1226-EB

    ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5296-0

    ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-1884-3