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    Environmental Toxicology and Risk Assessment: Second Volume

    Gorsuch JW, Dwyer FJ, Ingersoll CG, La Point TW
    Published: 1993

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    45 papers present the development of new reserach techniques, synopses of available techniques, findings concerning various environmental stressors, and the application of techniques and processes to environmental assessment.

    In eight sections:

    • Aquatic Toxicology and Use of Experimental Ecosystems

    • Biomarkers

    • Effluent Toxicity and Simulated Treatment

    • Environmental Neurotoxicology

    • Plants for Toxicity Assessments

    • Risk Assessment

    • SAR/QSAR in the Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics

    • Sediment Toxicology.

    Table of Contents

    The Use of Stimulable Bioluminescence from Marine Dinoflagellates as a Means of Detecting Toxicity in the Marine Environment

    Effect of Varying Environmental Conditions on the Toxicity of Copper to Salmon

    Quality Assurance in Programs Regulated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

    Invertebrate Behavior as an Indicator of Contaminated Water and Sediments

    Ameliorating Effect of Sodium Chloride on the Tolerance of Cheumatopsyche pettiti (Trichoptera: Hydropsychidae) to Water Acidification

    Avoidance-Preference Testing in Aquatic Toxicology: Towards a Standardized Methodology

    Community Change and Ecosystem Functional Complexity: A Microcosm Study of Copper Toxicity

    Utility of Laboratory Microcosms for Predicting the Environmental Fate of Chemicals: A Comparison of Two Microcosm Designs with Butyl Benzyl Phthalate

    Chlorophyll Fluorescence: Its Status and Future as a Rapid Assay of Plant Stress

    Allozyme Frequency Analysis of Aquatic Populations as an Indicator of Contaminant-Induced Impacts

    Correlation with Fetax of a Cellular Bioassay -Cell Health Assay of Water Quality -CHAWQ

    A Short-Term Test for Dioxin Teratogenicity Using Chicken Embryos

    Biomarkers in Avian Field Studies

    Effects of a Single Dose Exposure to Aroclor 1254 on Mouse Hepatic Cytochromes P450

    Comparison of Acute and Short-Term Chronic Test Methods for Effluent Toxicity Monitoring at Sewage Treatment Facilities

    Characterization, Identification and Confirmation of Total Dissolved Solids as Effluent Toxicants

    Important Considerations in Choosing a Synthetic Feed for Laboratory-Scale Wastewater Treatment Systems

    Toxicity Characterization of Chronically Toxic Industrial Wastewaters

    A Receptor Binding Assay Applied to Monitoring the Neurotoxicity of Parathion to Peromyscus After Oral Exposure

    Non-Invasive Measures of Neurotoxicity in Terrestrial and Aquatic Oligochaetes

    A Non-Invasive Neurotoxicity Assay Using Larval Medaka

    Effects of PCB Exposure on Dopamine Levels in the Nervous System of a Mollusc

    Effect of Embryonic PCB Exposure on Hatching Success, Survival, Growth and Developmental Behavior in Landlocked Atlantic Salmon, Salmo salar

    A Review of Terrestrial Plants as Biomonitors

    The Allium Test — A Potential Standard for the Assessment of Environmental Toxicity

    Activation and Detoxification of Nitro-Aromatic Compounds by Plant Tissue Culture Cells

    Phytotoxicity: Recommendations for Measuring and Reporting Dosage

    Quantitative Structure Activity Relationships for the Photoinduced Toxicity of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons to Duckweed — A Preliminary Model

    Ecological Risk Assessment of a Novel Marine Antifoulant

    Experimental Versus Empirical Approaches to Setting Water Quality Objectives

    A Proposed Approach to Quantitatively Assess Potential Ecological Impacts to Terrestrial Receptors from Chemical Exposure

    Defining Scientific Procedural Standards for Ecological Risk Assessment

    The TSCA Interagency Testing Committee, 1977 to 1992: Creation, Structure, Functions and Contributions

    Metal Accumulation in Blood and Milk of Dairy Cows Grazed or Fed by Fodder Grown on a Sewage Water Disposal Site

    The Development of SAR/QSAR for Use Under EPA's Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA): An Introduction

    Structure/Activity Relationships for Evaluation of Biodegradability in the EPA's Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics

    The Use of Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationships (QSARs) as Screening Tools in Environmental Assessment

    Validation of Structure Activity Relationships Used by the USEPA's Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics for the Environmental Hazard Assessment of Industrial Chemicals

    Quantitative Structure-Activity Predictions for Amine Toxicity to Algae and Daphnids

    Baseline Toxicity QSAR Models: A Means to Assess Mechanism of Toxicity for Aquatic Organisms and Mammals

    Developing Chronic Sublethal Sediment Bioassays: A Challenge to the Scientific Community

    Sediment Toxicity Testing: Comparison of Methods and Evaluation of Influencing Factors

    Density, Diversity and Incidence of Deformities of Benthic Invertebrates Near a Vinyl Chloride Discharge Point Source in the Niagara River Watershed

    The Importance of Biological Testing in the Assessment of Metal Contamination and Site Remediation: A Case Study

    The TSCA Interagency Testing Committee's Role in Facilitating Development of Test Methods: Toxicity and Bioconcentration Testing of Chemicals Added to Sediments

    Author Index

    Subject Index

    Committee: E47

    DOI: 10.1520/STP1216-EB

    ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5257-1

    ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-1485-2