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    Hydraulic Conductivity and Waste Contaminant Transport in Soil

    Daniel DE, Trautwein SJ
    Published: 1994

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    Interest in hydraulic conductivity of soils and waste contaminant transport has increased substantially in recent years, largely due to environmental concerns. Assessments of potential contamination at a site are possible only if accurate information is available concerning the hydraulic conductivity of subsoils.

    STP 1142 provides this information, including detailed coverage of methods for determining the hydraulic conductivity of soil in the laboratory and in the field. This publication describes testing methods, test results, and case histories. Applications include water, chemical, and leachate movement through soil.

    28 peer-reviewed papers cover:

    • Methods for determining hydraulic conductivity of saturated soils in the laboratory

    • Waste-soil interactions that can alter hydraulic conductivity

    • Assessment of hydraulic conductivity in unsaturated soils, including laboratory and field methods for evaluating hydraulic conductivity of unsaturated soils

    • In-situ hydraulic conductivity tests for compacted soil liners and caps.

    • Hydraulic conductivity testing for vertical cutoff walls, including procedures dealing with potential testing errors.

    • Methods for determining the hydraulic conductivity of natural geologic deposits

    • Effects of environmental stresses such as freeze-thaw

    • Specialized problems in hydraulic conductivity testing, such as electrokinetic coupling, influence of distortion in the soils, and measuring the hydraulic conductivity of bentonites.

    Table of Contents

    Representative Specimen Size for Hydraulic Conductivity Assessment of Compacted Soil Liners

    State-of-the-Art: Laboratory Hydraulic Conductivity Tests for Saturated Soils

    Hydraulic Conductivity of Vertical Cutoff Walls

    Slug Tests for Determining Hydraulic Conductivity of Natural Geologic Deposits

    Waste-Soil Interactions that Alter Hydraulic Conductivity

    Hydraulic Conductivity Assessment of Unsaturated Soils

    In-Situ Hydraulic Conductivity Tests for Compacted Soil Liners and Caps

    Laboratory Testing to Evaluate Changes in Hydraulic Conductivity of Compacted Clays Caused by Freeze-Thaw: State-of-the-Art

    Measurement of Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity in Fine-Grained Glacial Tills in Iowa: Comparison of In Situ and Laboratory Methods

    Hydraulic Conductivity of Compacted Clayey Soils Under Distortion or Elongation Conditions

    The Compatibility of Slurry Cutoff Wall Materials with Contaminated Groundwater

    A Comparison Between Field and Laboratory Measurements of Hydraulic Conductivity in a Varved Clay

    Effects of Post Compaction Water Content Variation on Saturated Conductivity

    Lessons Learned from the Application of Standard Test Methods for Field and Laboratory Hydraulic Conductivity Measurement

    Large-Size Test for Transport of Organics Through Clay Liners

    Field Measurement of Hydraulic Conductivity in Slowly Permeable Materials Using Early-Time Infiltration Measurements in Unsaturated Media

    Impact of Leakage on Precision in Low Gradient Flexible Hall Permeability Testing

    Influence of Polymers on the Hydraulic Conductivity of Marginal Quality Bentonite-Sand Mixtures

    Hydraulic Conductivity and Adsorption Parameters for Pollutant Transport Through Montmorillonite and Modified Montmorillonite Clay Liner Materials

    Hydraulic Conductivity of Borehole Sealants

    The Effects of Freeze/Thaw Cycles on the Permeability of Three Compacted Soils

    Volume-Controlled Hydrologic Property Measurements in Triaxial Systems

    Hydraulic Conductivity of Solidified Residue Mixtures Used as a Hydraulic Barrier

    Constant-Flow and Constant-Gradient Permeability Tests on Sand-Bentonite-Fly Ash Mixtures

    A Field-Scale Study of the Use of Paper Industry Sludges as Hydraulic Barriers in Landfill Cover Systems

    Two Case Histories: Field Sealed Double Ring Infiltrometer(SDRI) and Laboratory Hydraulic Conductivity Comparison Test Programs

    Effects of Electro-Kinetic Coupling on the Measurement of Hydraulic Conductivity

    Evaluation of Attenuation Capability of a Micaceous Soil as Determined from Column Leaching Tests

    Author Index

    Subject Index

    Committee: D18

    DOI: 10.1520/STP1142-EB

    ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5259-5

    ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-1442-5