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Tests to determine strength are undoubtedly the most common type made to evaluate the properties of hardened concrete. There are three reasons for this: (a) the strength of concrete, in compression, tension, shear, or a combination of these, has in most cases a direct influence on the load-carrying capacity of both plain and reinforced structures; (b) of all the properties of hardened concrete, those concerning strength can usually be determined most easily; and (c) by means of correlations with other more complicated tests, the results of strength tests can be used as a qualitative indication of other important properties of hardened concrete. The list of references at the end of the paper is not intended to be complete. The references chosen are those considered to be most useful and readily available to the reader and preference is given to the latest papers. Two excellent references for strength of concrete under static loads are by Price  and Neville .
Kesler, C. E.
Professor of theoretical and applied mechanics and of civil engineering, University of Illinois, Urbana, Ill.