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    Creep and Fatigue Behavior of Unidirectional and Cross-Plied Composites

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    The tensile, fatigue, creep, and stress-rupture behavior of unidirectional, unidirectional off-axis, and cross-plied composites of 25 volume percent boron filaments in a matrix of 6061 aluminum has been investigated. The tensile investigation has shown the composites to be of reasonably high quality. The fatigue strength of boron-reinforced 6061 aluminum was observed to be superior to those of boron-reinforced 1100 and 2024 aluminum composites. The failure mechanism is discussed in terms of buildup of stress concentration in the matrix to stress levels capable of fracturing proximate filaments. The effect of off-axis loading on the fatigue behavior was found to be similar to that observed on their tensile properties. Cross plying has changed the fracture mode from predominately matrix shear failure to failure involving filament fracture. The excellent creep and stress-rupture properties of boron filaments were utilized fully in the unidirectional composites when tested in the reinforcement direction. The off-axis creep and stress-rupture behavior of the unidirectional composite was characterized by a rapid reduction of properties with increasing off-axis orientation. Cross plying changed the mode of creep failure for many composite configurations from shear to tensile creep and improved the off-axis stress-rupture properties compared to corresponding unidirectional composites. In general, the creep behavior of cross-plied composites was characterized by a large degree of filament rotation towards the load axis.


    composite materials, mechanical properties, fatigue, creep, stress rupture, boron fiber reinforcement, aluminum, fiber composites, fiber orientation studies, evaluation, tests

    Author Information:

    Toth, I. J.
    Principal engineer, TRW Inc., Cleveland, Ohio.

    Committee/Subcommittee: D30.04

    DOI: 10.1520/STP49820S