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This paper describes the fatigure-crack-growth behavior of ASTM A514-B steel under variable-amplitude random-sequence stress spectra such as occur in actual bridges. The fatigue-crack growth-rate data were obtained by using wedge-opening-loading specimens tested under variable-amplitude load spectra that are represented by a Rayleigh distribution function. The data show that the average fatigue-crack-growth rates under variable-amplitude random-sequence load fluctuation are approximately equal to the rate of fatigue-crack growth under constant-amplitude cyclic-load fluctuation equal to the root-mean-square value of the variable-amplitude fluctuation. The average fatigue-crack-growth rates, da/dN, under variable-amplitude random-load fluctuation and under constant-amplitude load fluctuation were found to agree closely when da/dN was plotted as a function of the root-mean-square stress-intensity-factor range,
fatigue properties, mechanical properties, crack propagation, cyclic loads, constant amplitude, variable amplitude, sequencing, fatigue life
Barsom, J. M.
Associate research consultant, U.S. Steel Corp., Monroeville, Pa.