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    This Manual is intended as a brief reference source of information for three types of users: executives and plant designers; individuals engaged in industrial operations involving the use of water; and analysts, operators of special instruments, engineers, and consultants. It will not replace an adequate library on the subject for any of these users, but it does provide basic information for routine use and cites references to the technical literature, thus serving as a point of departure for more specific and detailed studies. For executives, plant managers, designers, and similar technologists and administrators, it offers information on the influence of water on industries in which it is used either as a raw material or in conjunction with manufacturing processes. The influence of water on various industries ranges from that in paper manufacture, for example, where very large volumes are used and its quality is of great importance, to small industries where only incidental supplies are needed. At no level, however, can the amount and nature of the available water be disregarded lest a plague of supply failure, contamination, corrosion, scaling, or other difficulty arise to interfere with the manufacturer's operations and to sap his profits. The Manual should serve as a guide to the nature of water planning required at the supervisory and investment levels. Operating personnel will find in the Manual a guide to the significance of the treatment they are applying. Combined with general discussion of the problems arising from industrial use of water are details of specific control procedures and instructions for such critical operations as sampling water under the various conditions and in the several forms in which it is employed. The Manual will be useful as a text for training plant operators and for the indoctrination of technologists from other fields.

    Committee/Subcommittee: D19.02

    DOI: 10.1520/STP48502S