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    This manual is intended as brief reference source of information on water. It will not replace an adequate library on the subject, but it does provide basic information for routine use and cites references to the technical literature, thus serving as a point of departure for more specific and detailed studies. For executives and administrators, it offers information on the influence of water on industries in which it is used as a raw material or in conjunction with manufacturing operations. The influence of water on various industries ranges from that in the paper industry, where large volumes of water of good quality are used, to industries where only incidental quantities and qualities of water are needed. The manual should serve as a guide to the nature of water planning required at the executive and investment levels of management. At no level, however, can the quantity and quality of available water be disregarded as it relates to the requirements of each process or manufacturing operation for today and for the foreseeable future. Operations personnel will find the manual to be a guide to the significance of the treatment being applied. Combined with the general discussion of the problems arising from water use are the specific details of control procedures and instructions for such critical operations as sampling water under the various conditions and in the several forms in which it is used. The manual may be useful as a text for plant operator training and for the indoctrination of technologists from other fields. Chemists and other technologists who have special knowledge of water can use the manual as a reference for specific information not published elsewhere.

    Author Information:

    Hamilton, C. E.
    editor, Dow Chemical Company, Midland, Mich.

    Committee/Subcommittee: D19.02

    DOI: 10.1520/STP47418S