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The Navy's interest in reduction gear design and performance is, I believe, unquestionably unique. And so, likewise, is its position with regard to the control of those factors which determine gear design and performance. It is the world's largest user of high-powered, high-speed reduction gears, but it is not a gear designer, nor is it a gear producer. However, its stake in the business is of such enormous magnitude that through the years it has utilized every device at its command to promote the development of improvements in design which would result in better performance of the gears in its ships. In October, 1944 these efforts were focused and given tangible form when, at the direction of Admiral Mills, the marine gear building industry was invited to participate with the Bureau in a cooperative effort to solve several serious problems of wartime reduction gear maintenance which appeared to be almost epidemic in proportions. Admiral Mills felt that a significant contribution could be made to the war effort, if, through the pooling of the scientific and technical talent of the gear builders represented, quicker or more reliable solutions to these problems could be obtained. Thus, the Navy Gear Industry Committee was formed. The degree of cooperation we received from that group was so excellent, and the results achieved thereby were so beneficial that, as the war gradually progressed from V-E Day to V-J Day, this group continued to function as an advisory body to assist the Bureau in the guidance, analysis and evaluation of its gear development program. This program, which during the past four years has been the most extensive and far reaching ever undertaken by the Navy, has had as its goal the development of equipment which is substantially lighter in weight, smaller in size, more reliable in operation, and easier to maintain.
Simpson, R. T.
Commander, Bureau of Ships, Washington, D.C.,