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Quality criteria for industrial cooling waters have received little industrial attention in the context of use for source standards. The reasons given for this passivity are: (a) a history of industrial adaptation to a wide variety of water supplies without stress in most cases; (b) an awareness that other beneficial uses, both public and private, involve quality limits more stringent than those reasonably required for cooling water supply; and (c) the practical problems in isolating meaningful threshold concentrations in those multivariant technico-economic systems. The common parameters of biological growths, carbon dioxide, chlorides, dissolved oxygen, dissolved solids, iron, manganese, and pH are discussed briefly against this background.
water, industrial water, cooling water, criteria, standards, water quality
von Frank, A. J.
Director, Allied Chemical Corp., New York, N. Y.
Fawcett, R. L.
Manager, Allied Chemical Corp., Philadelphia, Pa.