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    Microscopical Studies of Failure in Polymers

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    Microscopical techniques have been applied to studies of failure mechanisms in plastics. The studies were concerned with crazing, erosion due to wetting and drying, and failure in tension as a function of a number of variables. The light-optical techniques included phase-contrast, microinter-ferometric, and schlieren as well as brightfield techniques. Electron microscopy of surface replicas was also employed. An attempt was made to correlate the observations with mode of failure.

    Author Information:

    Newman, Sanford B.
    National Bureau of Standards, Washington, D. C.

    Committee/Subcommittee: E42.15

    DOI: 10.1520/STP46955S