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The Internationaler Arbeitskreis Sicherheit beim Skilauf (IAS) is a private association of skiers, independent of industry, standards organizations, or government legislation. Basic research on practical preventive measures and other activities in skiing safety are financed by the organization itself and by public sponsors. Investigations into the individual trauma forces and skiing forces have been done to define requirements for ski bindings designed to protect skiers from typical skiing injuries. Technical specifications and test regulations for skiing equipment have been published to initiate the progress necessary. The properties and release characteristics of bindings (IAS-Specification 100) need to be known before any individual binding setting (IAS Adjustment Specification 80) can be effective. The binding's qualities also have to be tested against standards for qualification for the IAS test emblem. Specifications for ski brakes and their interface with the bindings have been developed, as well as specifications for ski boots, setting devices, and other skiing equipment. Nevertheless, instructions given to sales staffs in sport shops in the mounting and setting of bindings and information given to skiers themselves are also necessary prerequisites of skiing safety.
skiing trauma, skiing safety, leg trauma, individual leg trauma limits, skiing forces, individual risks, age relationships, individual binding adjustment, tibia measurement method, IAS specifications, technical requirements, ski bindings, standards
Professor, Technische Universität München, Munich 40,