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The papers in this volume address a broad range of topics relating to skiing injuries. The topics discussed include the development of standards for safety; biomechanics of skiing and skiing injury; the relationship of skis, ski boots, and ski release bindings to skiing injuries; epidemiology of injury in different parts of the world; treatment of skiing injuries; injuries occurring in crosscountry skiing; rescue and first-aid practices and equipment; and cold injuries. These papers were presented, along with more than 30 others, at the Fifth International Symposium on Skiing Trauma and Skiing Safety held in Keystone, Colorado, on 1–6 May 1983. The meeting was co-sponsored by ASTM Committee F-27 on Snow Skiing and the International Society for Skiing Safety (ISSS). The attention of ASTM to standards for skiing began in 1972 with the formation of a subcommittee—Subcommittee F08.14 on Snow Skiing—to ASTM Committee F-8 on Sports Equipment and Facilities. The ISSS was founded in 1974 to provide a forum for presentation of original findings, studies, research, and the like relating to safety in skiing in the broadest context. The first meeting of the ISSS was held at the time of the midnight sun in June 1974 at Riksgränsen, on the border of Norway and Sweden 240 km (150 miles) north of the Arctic Circle. The organizer of the meeting and the first president of the ISSS was Ejnar Eriksson, of the Karolinska Hospital in Stockholm. The subsequent conferences were held approximately every two years, continuing the tradition established by the first meeting of having a five-day meeting, which permits adequate time for paper presentation and technical interchange. The second through fourth symposia were held in the Sierra Nevada, Spain, in April 1977; in Queenstown, New Zealand, July 1979; and in Bormio, Italy, June 1981, respectively. The proceedings of the first four ISSS symposia were published and form the primary body of permanent literature on skiing safety; they can be located through the ISSS, and can be found liberally referenced in this volume. The first symposium was published in Orthopedic Clinics of North America, January 1976. The proceedings of the second were entitled Skiing Safety II, and were published by University Park Press, Baltimore, 1977. The proceedings of the third and fourth, entitled Ski Trauma and Skiing Safety III and IV, respectively, were published by Technischer Überwachungs-Verein Bayern of Munich, 1982. This current volume represents the first technical publication of ASTM in the skiing injury field. It is a refereed publication building on the tradition of the earlier proceedings volumes, and is the first of a series of volumes to be published by ASTM through cooperation with the ISSS.
Johnson, Robert J.
symposium chairman and editor, University of Vermont College of Medicine, Burlington, VT
Mote, C. Daniel
symposium chairman and editor, University of California, Berkeley, CA