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    Since the most recent symposium on this subject in 1947, X-ray diffraction methods have been much improved by the use of the diffractometer, semiquantitative spectrographic methods have been developed and applied, and a number of newer analytical techniques have been brought to bear on the deposit problem. The present symposium presents the utility of these analytical tools in determining the nature of deposits, starting with a statement of the problem from the standpoint of the water-treatment engineer. Then follow methods of elemental analysis (excluding wet chemical), phase identification, the study of thin corrosion films on steel, and finally the correlation of elemental analysis with phase identification, using the techniques employed for many years by the mineralogist.

    Author Information:

    Scott, R. K.
    Harbison-Walker Refractories Co., Pittsburgh, Pa.

    Committee/Subcommittee: D19.03

    DOI: 10.1520/STP46306S