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    Norwegian Test Methods for Wind and Rain Penetration Through Windows

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    The severe climate of Norway, characterized by high winds and heavy rain, motivated the Norwegian government to engage in an extensive window test program as part of a joint building research effort of four Scandinavian nations. In this paper, two participants of this Norwegian program give an analysis of general meteorological data and climatic factors of particular importance in window design. The authors describe different types of air-flow and rain penetration apparatus and give an account of results obtained with this equipment in preliminary and full scale tests of window structures with standardized dimensions. The authors conclude the paper by establishing window requirements adapted to Norway's particular weather conditions as an intermediate result of their research program which was still under way at the time of this symposium.

    Author Information:

    Svendsen, Sven D.
    Norwegian Building Research Inst., Trondheim,

    Wigen, Robert
    Norwegian Building Research Inst., Trondheim,

    Committee/Subcommittee: E06.51

    DOI: 10.1520/STP46303S