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Significant advances have been made in heavy duty diesel engine technology to meet increasingly stringent environmental regulations for emissions. Today's heavy duty diesel engines are being designed with lighter and softer metals, greater turbocharging, increased combustion controls, and new emission reduction equipment. The cooling systems contained in these vehicles are similarly being impacted by smaller designs, new cooling system configurations, and increased usage of lighter, softer metals. Vehicle thermal loads have significantly increased due to increased power densities, higher engine temperatures, and greater metal-coolant fluxes which places greater emphasis on oxidation/thermal stability, and high temperature corrosion protection performance of the coolant. Other operating conditions (coolant flow rates, turbulence, pressure drops, deaeration) are also becoming more severe calling for improved erosion-corrosion protection, cavitation protection, and elastomer, seal, hose compatibility. This paper reviews the changes in heavy duty diesel engine technology and provides information on coolant performance in 2002–4 emission compliant engines. Predictions are also made on future engine technology and next generation engine coolants.
heavy duty engine coolants, cooling system trends, oxidation stability, erosion corrosion, cavitation, elastomer compatibility, traditional fully-formulated coolants, extended service coolants, extended life coolants, supplemental coolant additives
DeBaun, Heather J.
Senior Project Engineer, International Truck and Engine Corporation, Melrose Park, IL
Alverson, Fred C.
Coolant Advisor, Shell Global Solutions, Houston, TX