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Coal was first discovered in North America on Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, and was described in 1672. In the United States, the earliest recorded discovery of coal is that of Louis Joliet and Father Marquette in 1673 on the Illinois River between the present sites of Utica and Ottawa, Ill. The first coal mine opened was near Richmond, Va., about 1730. Mines in that vicinity were operating commercially by 1750, and by 1789 shipments were being made to Philadelphia, New York, and Boston, where coal imported from Scotland, England, and Nova Scotia had been used as early as 1738.
Fieldner, A. C.
Chief Engineer, Experiment Stations Division, U. S. Bureau of Mines, Washington, D. C.
Selvig, W. A.
Supervising Chemist, Miscellaneous Analysis Section, Pittsburgh Experiment Station, U. S. Bureau of Mines, Pittsburgh, Pa.