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    Industrial and ASTM Fluid Fire-Test Programs

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    As the use of fire-resistant hydraulic fluids has increased over the past 15 to 20 years, so has the number and types of tests used for assessing fire resistance. Organizations which have studied this nebulous fluid property include ASTM, Factory Mutual, SAE, Underwriters' Laboratories, U.S. Bureau of Mines, U.S. Military groups, and several corporations. Tests developed by these groups fall into distinct classes; for example, pressure-spray, molten metal, hot manifold, wick type, etc., but many variations exist among specific procedures of a given test type.

    A special group — Section VI of Technical Division N of ASTM Committee D-2 — was established 10 years ago to study fire resistance of fluids, but its progress has been slow. A major problem confronting industry today is the lack of test standardization and interpretation of test results to adequately measure fire resistance of fluids. Cooperative effort is recommended.


    fire resistance, fire tests, flammability, hydraulic fluids

    Author Information:

    Early, C. L.
    Project Manager, Monsanto Company, St. Louis, Mo.

    Hatton, R. E.
    Project Manager, Monsanto Company, St. Louis, Mo.

    Committee/Subcommittee: D02.N0

    DOI: 10.1520/STP44658S