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    Testing for Hydrogen Environment Embrittlement: Experimental Variables

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    Hydrogen embrittlement is classified into three types: internal reversible hydrogen embrittlement, hydrogen reaction embrittlement, and hydrogen environment embrittlement. Characteristics of and materials embrittled by these types of hydrogen embrittlement are discussed. Hydrogen environment embrittlement is reviewed in detail. Factors involved in standardizing test methods for detecting the occurrence of and evaluating the severity of hydrogen environment embrittlement are considered. The effects of test technique, hydrogen pressure, gas purity, strain rate, stress concentration factor, and test temperature are discussed. Additional research is required to determine whether hydrogen environment embrittlement and internal reversible hydrogen embrittlement are similar or distinct types of embrittlement.


    hydrogen embrittlement, metals, alloys, mechanical tests, pressure, purity, strain rate, temperature, notch tests

    Author Information:

    Gray, HR
    Research metallurgist, National Aeronautics and Space Administration-Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio

    Committee/Subcommittee: F07.04

    DOI: 10.1520/STP38935S