You are being redirected because this document is part of your ASTM Compass® subscription.
    This document is part of your ASTM Compass® subscription.


    Simulative Performance Test for Hot Mix Asphalt Using Asphalt Pavement Analyzer

    Published: 0

      Format Pages Price  
    PDF (336K) 9 $25   ADD TO CART
    Complete Source PDF (4.3M) 216 $64   ADD TO CART

    Cite this document

    X Add email address send
      .RIS For RefWorks, EndNote, ProCite, Reference Manager, Zoteo, and many others.   .DOCX For Microsoft Word


    Permanent deformation, or rutting, has been and continues to be a problem in the performance of hot mix asphalt (HMA) pavements. This paper presents a summary of work conducted under National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) Project 9-17. This research project was undertaken to evaluate the Asphalt Pavement Analyzer (APA) to determine its suitability as a general method of predicting rut potential. There was a need to identify test conditions within the APA that produced results most related to field rutting performance. Ten HMA mixes of known field rutting performance were tested within a full factorial experiment designed to determine the combination of testing conditions for the APA that best predicts field rutting. The experimental plan consisted of different specimen types (beam and cylinder), air void contents in compacted test specimen (4 and 7 %), hose diameters (25 and 38 mm), and test temperatures (high temperature of standard PG grade based upon climate and 6°C higher temperature). Based upon the test results and analysis, a tentative standard method of test was developed and recommended. A standard practice for establishing maximum specified rut depth for APA by highway agencies has also been recommended.


    Asphalt Pavement Analyzer (APA), loaded wheel tester, performance test, rutting, permanent deformation, hot mix asphalt, asphalt concrete, asphalt mixture, asphalt

    Author Information:

    Kandhal, PS
    Associate Director Emeritus, National Center for Asphalt Technology, Auburn, AL

    Cooley, LA
    Senior Pavements/Materials Engineer, Burns, Cooley, Dennis, Inc., Ridgeland, MS

    Committee/Subcommittee: D04.39

    DOI: 10.1520/STP37622S