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    An Elastic-Plastic Fracture Mechanics Study of Crack Initiation in 316 Stainless Steel

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    An experimental study of crack initiation in solution-treated 316 stainless steel was undertaken to test the validity of the elastic-plastic fracture mechanics parameters, J and crack opening displacement (COD), in the presence of extensive yield. Measurements of the J-integral are obtained for 6.4 to 25-mm-thick compact specimens using the proposed ASTM equation. The latter is shown to give results within 2 percent of those obtained using the original calibration method of Begley and Landes. However, deviations from the proposed crack blunting line, J = 2σfΔa are found for this high work-hardening material. Midsection COD is also determined using a rubber infiltration technique. Critical values of the J-integral and COD at crack initiation are shown to be constant independent of plate thickness under plane-strain and non-plane-strain crack-tip conditions as defined by B = 25 to 50 (Jif) and B = 25 CODi. These results are supported by measurements of the surface crack-tip contraction.


    elastic-plastic fracture, 316 stainless steel, J-integral, crack opening displacement, compact specimen, crack initiation, thickness effects

    Author Information:

    Davies, PH
    Research engineer, Ontario Hydro Research Division, Toronto, Ont.

    Committee/Subcommittee: E08.08

    DOI: 10.1520/STP36790S