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An overview of the mechanism of chemical dispersion is presented in order to put the subject in the proper perspective. The methodology and role of the surface active agent in the generation of finely dispersed oil droplets are reviewed.
This discussion of the dispersing mechanism will help resolve some of the misconceptions that have persisted for the past 10 years, such as the dispersant acting to either sink or solubilize the oil droplets into the water column, or both.
The incentives, concerns, and resultant present status of chemical dispersion are developed.
dispersants, oils, oil spill chemical, self-mix dispersant, mechanism, chemical treatment, incentives for dispersing
Engineering advisor, Exxon Research & Engineering Company, Florham Park, N.J.