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    Influence of Irradiation on the Creep/Fatigue Behavior of Several Austenitic Stainless Steels and Incoloy 800 at 700 C


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    Results from elevated temperature-strain controlled fatigue and constant-strain-rate tensile tests conducted on specimens of stainless steel Types 304, 304L (titanium modified), 316, as well as Incoloy 800 are reported. Specimens were irradiated to fluences of 0.4 to 5 × 1022 n/cm2, E>0.1 MeV at 700 to 750 C (1292 to 1382 F), while the postirradiation test temperature was maintained at 700 C. Reductions in tensile ductility and fatigue life occurred, with reductions in fatigue life ranging from factors of approximately 1.5 to 2.5 for the stainless steels and up to 35 for Incoloy 800 in comparison with the thermal controls. Comparisons are made between actual irradiated fatigue behavior and predictions based on several semi-empirical methods using irradiated tensile data. These methods generally provided good estimates of the irradiated fatigue behavior of these materials. Introducing tensile hold times into the fatigue cycles of irradiated and unirradiated Type 316 stainless steel resulted in substantial reductions in the fatigue life of this material. However, for tensile hold times in excess of 0.1 h a tendency towards saturation of the hold-time effect was found in both the irradiated and unirradiated material. Creep and fatigue damage for Type 316 stainless was determined and summed linearly. This total damage was found to be a function of strain range, duration of tensile hold time, and irradiation condition for Type 316 stainless steel.


    stainless steels, radiation effects, high temperature tests, tensile properties, damage, irradiation, fatigue (materials), tension tests, creep tests, fatigue tests

    Author Information:

    Brinkman, CR
    Section chief and associate scientist, Aerojet Nuclear Co., Idaho Falls, Idaho

    Korth, GE
    Section chief and associate scientist, Aerojet Nuclear Co., Idaho Falls, Idaho

    Beeston, JM
    Section chief, Aerojet Nuclear Co., Idaho Falls, Idaho

    Committee/Subcommittee: E10.07

    DOI: 10.1520/STP35469S