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This paper identifies and places into perspective relevant information that would assist in focusing future research and development on test methods to measure the smoke leakage characteristics of door assemblies. The concept of smoke compartmentation is introduced and developed. The importance of cross-door pressure differential in establishing the performance of door assemblies in fire-generated environments is discussed. Door assembly performance then is related to life safety, in general, and to the design of compartments of safe refuge, in particular. The entire discussion suggests a listing of required door assembly test methods and, finally, leads to a review of the availability and development status of existing and potential future test method candidates.
compartmentation, compartment fires, door assemblies, high-rise buildings, leakage, life safety, pressure differential, pressurization, property protection, safe refuge, smoke control, smoke movement, stack effect, test methods
Head, Compartment Fire Modeling Research, Center for Fire Research, National Bureau of Standards, Washington, DC,