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    A Review of U.S. Marine Fuel Oil Availability and Quality—Present and Future

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    A study of crude availability indicates that enough crude will be available to meet the expected demand well into the twenty-first century. Energy conservation coupled with world crude production capacity indicates stable crude oil prices for the future. Marine Fuel Oil (MFO) will continue to be available in sufficient quantity to meet demand. MFO quality in the United States has not declined since 1980 and is expected to decline but little in the future. Diesel engine developments and improvements in fuel handling equipment are expected to keep pace with any decline in MFO quality. Shell Research has advanced a procedure for ranking the ignition quality of fuels by estimating their aromaticity with an equation based on the fuel's density and viscosity.


    Marine Fuel Oil (MFO), MFO availability, crude oil demand, crude oil availability, residue reduction, deep conversion, density, viscosity, ignition quality, aromaticity, centrifuge

    Author Information:

    Wilkison, JL
    Staff research engineer, Shell Development Co., Houston, TX

    Committee/Subcommittee: D02.E0

    DOI: 10.1520/STP35270S