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    Mapping—Surface or Ground Surveys

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    Preparation of vegetation maps from ground surveys as the first step in a field study is discussed. Depending upon the degree of accuracy required, various types of equipment are suggested for use in a mapping survey. Details are presented on station or point selections with a discussion of procedures and calculation of angles and distances using an illustrated example. Additional information is presented about kinds of information, explanatory material, and symbols used in constructing vegetation maps.


    vegetation, aquatic plants, mapping, maps, ground survey, field survey, macrophytes

    Author Information:

    Raschke, RL
    Aquatic biologist, Environmental Protection Agency, Environmental Services Division, Ecological Support Branch, Athens, GA

    Committee/Subcommittee: D19.24

    DOI: 10.1520/STP35227S