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Technical Division E on Burner, Diesel and Turbine Fuels of ASTM Committee D02 on Petroleum Products and Lubricants developed ASTM Specification for Kerosine (D 3699) for two grades of kerosine suitable for burner applications. No. 1-K is a special low sulfur grade for nonflue-connected appliances and for wick-fed illuminating lamps. No. 2-K is suitable for flue-connected appliances as well as illuminating lamps. The Tech E-I Kerosine Panel designed the No. 2-K specification to maximize conformity with Jet A [ASTM Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuels (D 1655)] and No. 1 Fuel Oil [ASTM Specification for Fuel Oils (D 396)] and to enhance bulk availability as a multipurpose product. A flash point minimum of 38°C (100°F) is specified even though several states have more restrictive legal requirements. It is estimated that almost all hydrodesulfurized Jet A production would meet the kerosine limits of color, burning quality, corrosion, and viscosity at 40°C (104°F) while some hydrodesulfurized Jet A would also meet the 0.04 weight percent sulfur limit of No. 1-K kerosine.
kerosine burner, illuminating lamp, low sulfur kerosine, multipurpose product, flash point, sulfur limit
Chairman, Mobil Oil Company, New York, New York