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The spread of fire from a compartment is considered as spread through a window, through a doorway, through openings associated with entry conduits, or ultimately through openings caused by deterioration of the structure shell. The literature is reviewed for each mode of spread. Emphasis is placed on the interaction of building geometry and building materials and their relationship to fire spread from a compartment. Examples are given in which mathematical design procedures or analysis could determine a fire safe design. Recommendations are presented for continued studies and practices in this area.
compartments, design, doorways, fire spread, literature review, services, windows
Mechanical engineer, Center for Fire Research, National Engineering Laboratory, National Bureau of Standards, Washington, D.C.