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The thermal response of flat slab specimens subjected to four sets of thermal boundary conditions is examined. The conditions are typical of thermophysical test apparatus, and the four sets of conditions are similar. Initial temperatures are uniform and the cold face temperature is stepped to the required value. There are four different hot face conditions: (1) constant temperature, (2) constant heat flow, (3) zero heat flow followed by constant temperature, and (4) zero heat flow followed by constant heat flow.
Solutions are given for the heat transfer problems, and the equations are truncated, then inverted, to yield simple, approximate expressions for response time. The precision of the approximate equations is shown to be adequate for prediction purposes; the four sets of conditions are ranked in order of increasing response time; and the occurrence of optimum situations is noted.
thermal insulation, heat transmission, heat transfer, heat flow meters, flat slab, temperature, analytic functions, one-dimensional flow, reaction time, thermodynamic properties, thermophysical properties, time dependence, transient heat flow
Research officer, Building Services Section, National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa,