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    Consolidation of Natural Clays and Laboratory Testing

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    A numerical model has been developed, making use of a strain-rate-dependent compressibility law and a permeability-void ratio law, both experimentally established. The numerical program is used to simulate the behavior of clay specimens submitted to oedometric tests (MSL, CGT, creep, etc.). The following conclusions are drawn:

    1. The effective stress-strain clay behavior depends on the type of test carried out. In particular, the preconsolidation pressure value varies from one test to another.

    2. Each element throughout the specimen follows a specific stress-strain relation depending on its strain rate history. Moreover, the oedometric curve, as usually interpreted from a multiple-stage loading (MSL) test, does not agree with any of these relations, not even with the average curve followed by the whole specimen.

    3. The pore pressure isochrones maintain the same shape during controlled-gradient (CGT) or creep tests, in particular when the effective stresses correspond to the preconsolidation pressure.


    consolidation, natural clays, oedometric tests, strain-rate, normalized behavior, isochrone

    Author Information:

    Kabbaj, M
    Laval University, Quebec,

    Oka, F
    Gifu University, Yanagido, Gifu,

    Leroueil, S
    Laval University, Quebec,

    Tavenas, F
    Laval University, Quebec,

    Committee/Subcommittee: D18.05

    DOI: 10.1520/STP34624S