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Under present design standards steel ties, anchors, fasteners, joint reinforcement, reinforcing bars, and structural steel lintels and shelf angles in exterior masonry walls corrode at a rate which gives them a life expectancy of 5 to 70 years. Implementation of recommendations for improved design standards could double their life expectancy. Seventy references are cited.
anchor (masonry), beam, brick, building, column, corrosion, galvanizing, intel, masonry, reinforcing (bar), shelf angle, steel, tie (masonry), wall
Consulting architectural engineer and member of the architectural engineering faculty, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX