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A simple stress intensity factor expression is given for a deep edge crack in a plate in tension. The shapes of cracks opened by tension or bending are approximated by conic sections and the conic section coefficients related to plate geometry by very simple empirical equations. The magnitude of the crack displacement is a function of applied load, plate geometry, and the elastic constants of the plate material. The shape of a loaded crack in a semi-infinite plate is, approximately, a portion of an ellipse whose semimajor axis is about three times the crack length. As the crack length (relative to the plate width) increases, the crack shape becomes parabolic, then hyperbolic, the acuity of the hyperbola increasing with the relative crack length.
fractures (materials), cracks, stresses, tension, bending, modulus of elasticity, loads (forces), stress ratio, bending moment, conics, analytic geometries, dimensionless numbers
National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio