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A fracture mechanics approach was used to study high-temperature creep crack propagation. Crack growth rates were correlated with the C*-parameter which is an energy rate line integral. For materials conforming to a nonlinear stress and strain rate relationship in the steady-state creep range, specifically, those which can be properly idealized as purely viscous (negligible elastic and transient creep effects), C* characterizes the crack tip stress and strain rate fields.
Crack growth rate tests were conducted in the creep range on a discaloy superalloy at 1200°F (920 K). Two specimen geometries were tested, a center cracked panel and a compact geometry, to establish the geometry independence of this approach. The results showed that crack growth rate correlated with the C*-integral, while other parameters (K and nominal stress) failed to adequately characterize crack growth rate.
crack propagation, stress analysis, mechanical properties, fracture properties, crack initiation, creep rate
Senior engineer, Westinghouse Research Laboratories, Pittsburgh, Pa.
Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio