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The effect of the degree of cold work, as measured by X-ray line broadening techniques, on the irradiation-induced swelling of Type 316 stainless steel has been studied using 5-MeV nickel ions as the bombarding species. The level of cold work is expressed in terms of nonuniform lattice strain, ϵ. A critical value of ϵ exists below which swelling is a strongly decreasing function of ϵ, and above which a saturation of the effect occurs such that further increases in ϵ have very little influence on the swelling behavior. The critical value of ϵ increases with increasing temperature and ion dose. The implications of these results on the design of an liquid metal fast breeder reactor fuel rod are discussed.
radiation, irradiation, swelling, stainless steels, cold working