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The effects were studied of a 24-h exposure to a subacute concentration of parathion on the locomotor orientation of the bluegill sunfish (Lepomis macrochirus) and largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) in response to: a food odor in water flowing at 200 ml/min (odor/Flow I) and 400 ml/min (odor/Flow II) and water without odor flowing at these rates (Flow I and Flow II, respectively). In sunfish, prior to parathion exposure, odor/Flow II was more attractive than any other condition. Following exposure, the response to Flow II and to odor/Flow II was avoidance, that to odor/Flow I remained attractive, thus causing a parathion by flow interaction. Two weeks after exposure, the relative response to the treatments was similar to that of un-exposed fish. In bass, prior to parathion exposure, the odor/Flow II was also more attractive than any other condition but the fish were unable to discriminate between odor/Flow I and Flow I alone. Following exposure, the fish were unable to discriminate between odor/Flow II and Flow I (the control), whereas particularly odor/Flow I and, to a lesser extent. Flow II were avoided. Thus, there was a significant interaction between odor and flow. After a two-week interval, all treatments were attractive, but the most significant relative attraction was that to odor/Flow I. The general activity in all experimental conditions was also depressed following parathion exposure.
water analysis, behavior, fish, locomotor, orientation, parathion, toxicology
Oceanographic and Environmental Services, Raytheon Company, Portsmouth, R. I.