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Celion® 6000/PMR-15, Celion 6000/LARC-160, and Celion 6000/RK-99 graphite/polyimides were aged in circulating air ovens at temperatures of 202, 232, 260, and 288°C for various times up to 15 000 h. Three unidirectional specimens were studied: short-beam-shear (SBS), flexure, and 153-mm square panels. The interior region of the square panels exhibited little or no property degradation. Based on the individually aged SBS specimen results, the relative thermal-oxidative stability from highest to lowest is as follows: PMR-15, LARC-160, RK-99. Celion 6000/PMR-15 and Celion 6000/LARC-160 laminates retained at least 80% of their initial flexural strengths for the duration of aging at each temperature. Celion 6000/RK-99 laminates exhibited a 20 to 50% loss of flexural strength at all aging temperatures. All three graphite/polyimide (Gr/PI) laminate materials degraded preferentially at the specimen edge perpendicular to the fibers.
composite materials, graphite composites, polyimides, thermal aging, composites
Materials engineer, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA