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A comprehensive oil spill response plan has been developed partially to deal with accidental discharges of oil into the Arabian Gulf. The spill response capabilities of contractor companies in the area are fairly limited. The response plan relies on chemical agents and recovery as cleanup tools. The key to effective response is a rapid response and deployment of cleanup equipment. Initially, marine vessels equipped with portable dispersant spray booms patterned after the Warren Springs equipment were used. To improve existing oil spill response, an extensive modernization of dispersant deployment equipment has been developed. The areas of modernization include (1) upgrading the marine vessel equipment, (2) dedicating boats and vessels of opportunity for dispersant application, (3) using helicopters for spill response, (4) using large fixed-wing aircraft for spill response, and (5) establishing dispersant and refueling stockpiles. This paper discusses the use of dispersants in response to an oil spill. It is intended not as a scientific paper but as a paper on a local response capability.
dispersant, oil spill, marine vessels, helicopters, fixed-wing aircraft, stockpiles
supervisor, Aramco Services Co., Engineering Dept., Houston, TX