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Under a comprehensive synthetic fuels program sponsored by the Electric Power Research Institute, Westinghouse Electric Corp. has evaluated the turbine combustion properties of over twelve coal-derived liquid (CDL) fuels, three shale-derived liquid (SDL) fuels, and six petroleum-derived surrogate fuels.
The combustion performance effects have been reported elsewhere. This paper compiles the properties of the various classes of synthetic fuels that were combustion-tested and discusses the significance of the analytical methods utilized by the Mobil Research and Development Corp. to characterize the physical and chemical properties, trace metal content, and aromaticity of these test fuels. The authors have concluded that certain modifications to the current ASTM turbine fuel specification tests will be required to accommodate CDL and SDL fuels.
alternative fuels, gas turbine engines, fuel oil, combustion, coal-derived fuels, shale-derived fuels, fuel specifications, aromaticity, elemental analysis, trace analysis, physical properties
Manager, Hydroprocessing Research and Development, Mobil Research and Development Corp., Paulsboro, N.J.
Principal engineer, Westinghouse Electric Corp., Research and Development Center, Pittsburgh, Pa.
Advisory engineer, Westinghouse Electric Corp., Combustion Turbine Systems Division, Concordville, Pa.
Project manager, Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, Calif.