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As the United States moves toward an alternative fuel economy, away from petroleum fuels, gas turbines fueled by nonpetroleum sources are expected to supply an increasing percentage of the total generation of power. New technology and procurement standards need to be developed for these alternative fuels to ensure an operable, economical turbine-fuel system.
Recognizing this need, Subcommittee B133.7 on Gas Turbine Fuel Procurement Standards, a subcommittee of the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), carried out a survey to establish a technical framework for interpreting the projected properties of synthetic fuels for gas turbine applications. The 55 responses received from synthetic liquid fuel producers, equipment manufacturers, turbine users, and consultants, as well as government and nongovernment agencies, showed that process developers, gas turbine manufacturers, and users are actively involved in planning for future synthetic fuels. While the quality and properties of synthetic liquid fuels were not fully established, it is clear that methanol and distillate fuels derived from shale, coal, and tar sands are being seriously developed and will play a major role in future gas turbine operation.
alternative fuels, gas turbines, synthetic fuels, liquid synthetic fuels
Staff engineer, Gulf Research and Development Co., Pittsburgh, Pa.
Manager, Energy Development Program, Westinghouse Electric Co., Concordville, Pa.
Engineer in residence, Engineering Societies' Commission on Energy, Inc., Washington, D.C.