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    Implementation and Enforcement of Residential Energy Conservation Standards—The California Experience

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    This paper defines the types of problems encountered during the implementation of California energy conservation standards for construction enacted in 1974. The data come from building officials' responses to questionnaires designed to measure both experience with, and attitudes toward, the standards. Approximately two thirds of the 482 building departments responded to the lengthy questionnaire. Additionally, in-depth interviews were conducted with key staff at the California Energy Commission and the California Building Industry Association, with builders, and with selected local officials in order to gain greater understanding of the interaction between the Energy Commission and the building community during the implementation of the energy standards. It is concluded that inadequate training, ambiguities in the regulations, and difficulties in funding contributed to enforcement problems.


    building codes, standards (design), regulations, construction, residential buildings, cost effectiveness, cost analysis, energy losses, government (state)

    Author Information:

    Feinbaum, R
    Consulting Social Scientist, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, Calif.

    Ruby, E
    Technical Director, California Building Industry Association, Sacramento, Calif.

    Committee/Subcommittee: C16.16

    DOI: 10.1520/STP29433S