You are being redirected because this document is part of your ASTM Compass® subscription.
    This document is part of your ASTM Compass® subscription.

    If you are an ASTM Compass Subscriber and this document is part of your subscription, you can access it for free at ASTM Compass

    Innovative Designs for Water Quality Monitoring: Are We Asking the Questions Before the Data Are Collected?

    Published: 01 January 1987

      Format Pages Price  
    PDF (176K) 12 $25   ADD TO CART
    Complete Source PDF (3.2M) 222 $55   ADD TO CART

    Cite this document

    X Add email address send
      .RIS For RefWorks, EndNote, ProCite, Reference Manager, Zoteo, and many others.   .DOCX For Microsoft Word


    Water quality management consists of decisions about the environment; those decisions are usually based on data from monitoring programs. Such data are usually collected following a design which is governed by “bureaucratic risk,” that is, the perceived risk of ire from a superior. We propose the application of a systematic process called the Environmental Audit as a tool for guiding management decision making and for design of monitoring programs. Application of the Audit is shown to produce data which leads directly to real environmental information (in contrast to pure data). Such information is translated into management decisions which incorporate all elements of the broader definitions of environmental risk.


    data management, Environmental Audit, environmental risk, monitoring, water quality management, water quality monitoring

    Author Information:

    Perry, JA
    Associate professor, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN

    Schaeffer, DJ
    Research scientist, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Construction Engineers Research Laboratory, Champaign, IL

    Herricks, EE
    Associate professor, University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana, Champaign, IL

    Committee/Subcommittee: E47.13

    DOI: 10.1520/STP28579S