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    Tube Sheet Alternatives for Reactive Metal Tubed Heat Exchangers


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    This paper looks at the variety of tube sheet constructions available for heat exchangers using titanium and zirconium tubing. Comparisons will be made of loose-lined versus solid or integrally clad tube sheets and of seal-welded versus rolled-only or strength-welded tube-to-tube-sheet joints. Alternatives will be evaluated with regard to their design reliability, economics, and maintainability.


    industrial applications, titanium, zirconium, heat exchanger, tube sheet, tubing

    Author Information:

    Thomas, JD
    Applications engineer, Futura Titanium Corp., Westlake Village, Calif.

    Committee/Subcommittee: B10.05

    DOI: 10.1520/STP28054S