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A computer model for the heat release rate of wood is summarized and its input data requirements are specified. Some methods of obtaining these data are discussed. An apparatus for measuring the heat of combustion of the volatiles and the kinetic parameters for the mass loss rate of the various chemical components of wood as a function of their degree of char is described. The results of some of the measurements on cellulose made with this apparatus are presented.
heat release rate, heat of combustion, wood, cellulose, computer models, activation energy, thermal conductivity
Physicist, Center for Fire Research, National Bureau of Standards, Gaithersburg, MD