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    Principles of Closed Systems for Handling of Agricultural Pesticides

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    Closed transfer of pesticide chemicals from the shipping container to a closed mixing tank and thence to the application machine is but one part of a long range program to protect and improve on the health and safety of workers who handle and apply pesticides. Admittedly the task of maximizing safety in the use of pesticides is far from accomplished, but no one can deny the necessity for moving as quickly and expeditiously as possible toward improvement in this troubled area of farm worker safety.

    The use of closed systems has reduced the number of illnesses of mixer/loader personnel. Environmental contamination is also discussed.


    closed systems, agricultural pesticides, personnel safety

    Author Information:

    Brazelton, RW
    University of California, Davis, CA

    Akesson, NB
    University of California, Davis, CA

    Committee/Subcommittee: E35.26

    DOI: 10.1520/STP25873S