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    STP1175

    Effects of Fission and Fusion Neutron Irradiations on Mechanical Properties and Defect Recovery Behavior in α-Iron

    Published: 01 January 1994


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    Abstract

    Comparison is made of data on mechanical properties of high-purity iron single crystals irradiated with fission neutrons at the Japan Materials Testing Reactor (JMTR) and 14-MeV D-T neutrons at the Rotating Target Neutron Source (RTNS-II) at low fluences below 1022 n/m2. Both irradiations below 363 K led to irradiation hardening and the suppression of a hump appearing on the temperature dependence of yield stress of unirradiated high-purity iron, which suggests that radiation-induced defects formed at low temperatures significantly influence thermally activated deformation of iron.

    In the isochronal annealing experiments of yield stress, the RTNS-II-irradiated irons showed a high annealing resistance accompanied by three recovery stages: stage I (RT to 450 K), stage II (650 to 750 K) and stage III (900 to 950 K). Recovery stages of the JMTR-irradiated irons were observed in the temperature ranges of 500 to 600 K (state Ij) and 700 to 780 K (stage IIj), followed by no radiation effect above 800 K. These recovery stages, except for stage III, were explained from a series of annealing of interstitial clusters with size distribution. Defects responsible for stage III were associated with complex vacancy type defect-nuclear reaction products (helium or hydrogen).

    Keywords:

    fission-fusion correlation, RTNS-II, high-purity iron, plastic deformation, isochronal annealing, irradiation hardening


    Author Information:

    Aono, Y
    Senior Researcher, Hitachi Research Laboratory, Hitachi, Ltd., Hitachi-City, Ibaraki,

    Kuramoto, E
    Professors, Research Institute for Applied Mechanics, Kyushu University, Kasuga-City, Fukuoka,

    Yoshida, N
    Professors, Research Institute for Applied Mechanics, Kyushu University, Kasuga-City, Fukuoka,

    Kurishita, H
    Associate professor and professor, The Oarai Branch, Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Oarai, Ibaraki,

    Kayano, H
    Associate professor and professor, The Oarai Branch, Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Oarai, Ibaraki,


    Committee/Subcommittee: E10.08

    DOI: 10.1520/STP23932S