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Federal, state, and local rules and regulations often affect even small generators of waste materials. Chemical laboratories are perfect examples with a need to develop procedures to dispose of small quantities of laboratory wastes in a safe and environmentally acceptable manner.
Recognizing a need, the ASTM D-34 committee on waste disposal created its Subcommittee D34.01.05 on Sample Disposal with the direct responsibility for developing guidelines for laboratories. While it was impossible to address the disposal of all wastes from all types of laboratories, the guidelines did address the more common laboratory waste streams. They are applicable, but not limited to, analytical chemistry, process control, and research or life science laboratories.
The recommended guidelines for disposal cover the following topics: (1) the classification of waste for shipping and manifesting by common or generic name and by Department of Transportation requirements; (2) the segregation of wastes for recovery, pretreatment, or disposal; (3) the procedures for recovery of materials, or to render them nonhazardous and amendable for landfilling or in-house disposal, or to prepare them for disposal in authorized chemical disposal sites; and (4) the designation of a specific revoery or pretreatment and disposal method for each type of waste.
wastes, laboratory, classification, treatments, disposal
Chief chemist, Browning-Ferris Industries, Houston Laboratory, Houston, TX
Professor, University of Houston—Clear Lake, Houston, TX