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The Oak Ridge National Laboratory, a multipurpose research and development facility, has implemented a program to include the cost of waste management in product costs. The following steps are being used (1) planning and implementation tailored to institutional constraints, (2) methods for conflict resolution, and (3) administrative structure that places responsibility for minimizing waste on the generators. Changes in waste disposal practices required to meet regulatory requirements increase the cost of waste management and are reflected in the rate structure. Rate structure and changes in waste disposal practices are compared. Rates are dependent on the type of waste handled, compliance with waste acceptance criteria, processing steps required for treatment, and disposal requirements.
waste, waste minimization, waste optimization, waste management, waste control
Group leader, Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN
Technical director, Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN