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This paper cites specific examples of corrosion-related distress of reinforced concrete exposed to aggressive environments of the Persian Gulf region. Several case histories are described involving structures at various oil refineries situated along the Gulf coast. The paper outlines major factors affecting the development of a particular failure and depicts repair techniques implemented to eliminate the damage and to prevent the future occurrence of the failure.
reinforcing steel, corrosion, concrete, chlorides, oil refineries, Gulf region
Consultant, Concrete Clinic International, Gibsonia, PA