You are being redirected because this document is part of your ASTM Compass® subscription.
    This document is part of your ASTM Compass® subscription.


    Comparison of Laboratory Freeze-Thaw Procedures

    Published: 0

      Format Pages Price  
    PDF (256K) 10 $25   ADD TO CART
    Complete Source PDF (8.7M) 433 $55   ADD TO CART


    The failure modes of three laboratory freeze-thaw procedures are compared with field failures. Sets of fifteen plant-fired brick were selected. Five brick from each set were subjected to each procedure.

    Two omni-directional procedures were used: The Standard Method as set forth in ASTM C67, Standard Methods of Sampling and Testing Brick and Structural Clay Tile (with a 4-h cold water saturation), and a modified ASTM (with a 5-h boil saturation).

    One uni-directional method was used: The Face Freeze-Thaw Procedure. This procedure was developed in the Acme Brick Company Research Laboratory, Denton, Texas, and utilizes the 5-h boil saturation. After each freeze cycle, only the face of the brick is thawed while the body remains frozen. The test specimens are withdrawn after 100 cycles, or when a specimen has failed. A sample is considered to have failed when a laminar crack develops parallel to the brick face. The crack usually develops 10–15 cycles before the face comes off.


    physical properties, frost resistance, water absorption, compressive strength, omni-directional, uni-directional, laminar spalling, process defect, face freeze-thaw

    Author Information:

    Vickers, MA
    Director of Research and Production Services, Acme Brick Company, Denton, Texas

    Committee/Subcommittee: C15.02

    DOI: 10.1520/STP19618S